Spatial distribution of manufacturing production in China

As well known, China is the world’s largest producer and exporter of products, a veritable “world factory”. According to data released by the United Nations Statistics Office in 2020, China accounts for 28% of global manufacturing output, accounting for nearly one-third of all global output. Therefore, importing products from China has become the actual demand of many enterprises and organizations. To import products from China, it is necessary to have a general understanding of the spatial distribution of China’s manufacturing industry, because a manufacturer located in the core area of a certain industrial belt can often provide high-quality products and competitive prices.

China is a vast country and ranks third in the world in terms of land area, which is about the size of the whole of Europe, so understanding the spatial distribution of China’s manufacturing industry is very beneficial for importing goods from China. China’s economic center of gravity is mainly in the Yangtze River Delta(Shanghai, Zhejiang province, Jiangsu procince), Pearl River Delta(Guangdong province), Bohai Bay(Beijing, Tianjin, Hebei province) and other eastern coastal areas, but there are also many point-like industrial belts in the vast inland areas.

distribution of manufacturing production in China
China Economic Center Distribution

01. bags and cases industry distribution

The bags and cases industry belts are mainly located in Guangzhou City of Guangdong Province, Baigou of Hebei Province and Zhejiang Province. Shiling (Guangzhou of Guangdong province) is known as “the capital of leather goods in China”. The products produced in this area are generally of good quality and craftsmanship, and have a complete range of categories. The quality of bags and cases produced in Baigou of Hebei province is slightly lower, but the price is relatively low. There are 20 categories of bags and cases and more than 1,000 varieties of colors. There are more than 150 large-scale enterprises and more than 3,000 small processing enterprises. The annual production of bags and cases is 1.5 billion. Zhejiang Province is the second largest producer of leather bags, accounting for nearly a quarter of China’s total leather bag production.

02. lighting industry distribution

More than 80% of China’s lighting products are produced in Zhongshan City of Guangdong Province, which is called “China’s lighting production base”. In addition, Ningbo Yuyao in Zhejiang Province, Guangdong Province (Jiangmen, Shenzhen, Huizhou), Changzhou in Jiangsu province, and Yantai in Shandong province also have sporadic distribution.

03. towel industry distribution

The production of towels in Gaoyang County of Hebei Province accounts for nearly one-third of the total production of towels in China. The towel products here are sold all over the country and exported to more than 30 countries and regions such as Russia and South Korea. Other regions such as Zhejiang province(Huzhou), Guangdong province(Guangzhou), Zhejiang province(Yiwu ) and other places also have production.

04. pet food industry distribution

China’s “Hometown of Pet Food” is Nanhe County of Hebei Province, where there are more than 40 large-scale pet food manufacturers and more than 330 registered pet food brands. The annual production and sales of pet food reach 650,000 tons, accounting for 60% of China’s output .

05. swimwear industry distribution

Xingcheng (Liaoning Province), accounts for about 20% of the global market for swimwear products, making it the largest swimwear production base in China. Other places such as Jinjiang in Fujian province and Yiwu in Zhejiang province also have production.

06. guitar industry distribution

The capital of China’s guitar industry is Huiyang in Guangdong province, with guitar production accounting for 60% of China’s and 25% of the world’s. Other origins are Zheng’an in Guizhou province, Zhangzhou in Fujian province and Weifang in Shandong province. The output of electric guitars in Weifang of Shandong province accounts for about one-third of the total output of China, of which more than 80% are exported to more than 30 countries and regions such as South Korea, the United States, and Australia.

07.home appliance industry distribution

China’s home appliance industry base is located in Hefei City of Anhui Province, where the output of air conditioners, color TVs, washing machines and refrigerators ranks first in China. The small home appliance industry belt is mainly located in Shunde of Guangdong Province, which is the world’s largest and most complete small home appliance production base. The main products include microwave ovens, air conditioners, and electric fans. There are more than 3,000 household appliance manufacturers and supporting enterprises in the region, and the output value accounts for about 15% of the whole China’s household appliance industry.

08. toy industry distribution

The three major toy production bases in China are Chenghai City in Guangdong Province, Jinjiang in Fujian Province and Shanghai City. Among them, Chenghai’s children’s toy production accounts for 25% of China’s, and most of them are exported to more than 140 countries and regions such as Europe, America, the Middle East, ASEAN, and Russia. In addition, the plush toy industry in Xiongan of Hebei province is also relatively developed.

09. oil painting industry distribution

Shenzhen of Guangdong province, Putian and Xiamen in Fujian Province are the world’s three largest oil painting industry bases, of which Putian’s oil painting production accounts for 30% of the global production.

10. children clothing industry distribution

China’s three largest production bases for children’s clothing are Zhili Town of Zhejiang province, Foshan of Guangdong province, and Jimo of Shandong province.

11. optical industry distribution

China’s largest optical industry belt is Danyang of Jiangsu Province, with an annual output of more than 300 million glasses and lenses, accounting for 40% of the global output. It is the world’s largest lens production base. Other production bases include Ouhai District of Wenzhou in Zhejiang province, Yingtan in Jiangxi province, and Xiamen in Fujian province. Henggang of Shenzhen in Guangdong province and other places.

12. home textiles and home furnishing industry distribution

The home textile industry in Nantong of Jiangsu province, curtains in Shaoxing of Zhejiang province, home decoration in Yiwu of Zhejiang province and carpets in Tianjin are all well-known production bases.

13. wig industry distribution

The largest wig production base in China is Xuchang of Henan Province. The local wig industry has a century-old history, and its products sell well all over the world.

14. medical mask industry distribution

Changyuan City in Henan Province, Xiantao City in Hubei Province, Shaoxing City in Zhejiang Province and Zibo City in Shandong Province are the main mask production bases in China, accounting for about 60% of the total output in China.

15. sneaker industry distribution

China’s largest sports shoe production base is located in Jinjiang City of Fujian Province, where there are more than 3,000 shoe production and operation enterprises, with an annual output of more than 700 million pairs, and the products are exported to more than 80 countries and regions in the world.

16. garment industry distribution

The production bases of women’s clothing are mainly in Guangdong Province, Hangzhou City of Zhejiang Province. The main production bases for men’s clothing are located in Ningbo City of Zhejiang Province and Quanzhou City of Fujian Province.

17. cosmetic brush industry distribution

China’s cosmetic brush industry belts are mainly located in Luyi County of Henan Province, Cangzhou City of Hebei Province, Shenzhen of Guangdong province, and Yiwu of Zhejiang province.

18. cosmetics industry distribution

Guangzhou City of Guangdong Province is the largest and most complete cosmetic production base in China. In addition, Zhuhai, Zhongshan, Dongguan, Huizhou, Shenzhen and other places in Guangdong province also have many cosmetic processing factories.

19. jewelry industry distribution

Yiwu of Zhejiang province is the largest small jewelry production and wholesale base in China.

20. fishing gear industry distribution

The largest fishing gear production base in China is Weihai City of Shandong Province. In addition, Gu’an County in Hebei Province, Cixi, Dongyang and other places in Zhejiang Province also have production.

21. 3c electronic products industry distribution

Shenzhen of Guangdong province is the largest electronic product distribution center in China.

22. children bicycle industry distribution

Xingtai City of Hebei Province is the largest production base for bicycles in China.

23. steel-wood furniture industry distribution

Bazhou and Langfang in Hebei Province are one of the major steel-wood furniture production bases in China.

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